take

take
I UK [teɪk] / US verb
Word forms "take":
present tense I/you/we/they take he/she/it takes present participle taking past tense took UK [tʊk] / US past participle taken UK [ˈteɪkən] / US
***
1) [transitive] to move something or someone from one place to another

Don't forget to take an extra pair of shoes.

Remember to take a pen with you.

take someone to/into/around something:

What time do you take Amy to school?

We took the plants into the greenhouse.

The cat had to be taken to the vet.

Our guide took us around the cathedral.

take someone/something along (= with you):

On long journeys I always take my dog along.

take someone/something for something:

We took my mother for a drive in the country.

take someone/something to do something:

We took him to catch his train.

take someone something:

Take Debbie this cup of coffee, will you?

take something to someone:

Let's take the presents to them tonight.

See:
bring
2)
a) [transitive] to cause someone to move somewhere
take someone into/out of/up/through etc something:

My old job took me into the city a lot.

The steps took us up to a cave in the cliff.

The journey will take you through some beautiful scenery.

b) to cause someone or something to be in a new position or condition

Her amazing energy has taken her to the top of her profession.

acts that took the country into war

take someone to court:

They'll take us to court if we don't pay up soon.

take someone hostage/prisoner:

Bank robbers took the manager hostage overnight.

3) [transitive] to perform a particular action or series of actions

Take a deep breath.

Tom took a sip of his drink.

I took a quick look at the audience.

Let's take a walk down to the river.

take action/steps/measures:

The government must take action to stop this trade.

take exercise:

You need to take more exercise.

4) [transitive] to need something

Your odd behaviour is going to take a bit of explaining.

take some doing (= be very difficult to do):

It's going to take some doing to persuade them!

a) to need a particular thing in order for something to happen

Admitting what she had done took a lot of courage.

take something to do/be something:

It takes talent and dedication to become a top dancer.

It doesn't take much to start her crying.

have what it takes (= have the qualities that are necessary):

Do you have what it takes to be a teacher?

b) to need a particular amount of time to happen or to do something

It'll take a while to sort this out.

Our meeting took much longer than I expected.

take someone ten minutes/two hours etc:

The journey should take us about three days.

5) [transitive] to accept something that someone offers you

I've decided not to take the job.

Sorry, we don't take credit cards.

take (someone's) advice:

She won't take my advice.

take it or leave it (= the offer will not change):

That's my final price, take it or leave it.

a) to accept an unpleasant situation or unpleasant treatment without complaining

Please stop! I can't take it any more.

In this job you have to be able to take criticism.

take something lying down (= accept something without any protest):

I'm not going to take defeat lying down.

b) to accept an explanation or something that someone says without discussing it or arguing about it
take someone's word for it (= believe what someone tells you):

You don't have to take my word for it – ask anyone.

take it from someone (= believe them):

That's the truth, take it from me.

6) [transitive] to win a prize in a competition or a vote in an election

Gladiator took the Oscar for best film.

Who took the silver medal?

The Labour Party took 45 per cent of the vote.

7) [transitive] to reach out and get something, especially with your hand

Take as many cakes as you like.

Let me take your coats.

take someone by the arm/hand etc:

Her mother took her gently by the shoulders.

take someone in/into your arms:

I'll take her in my arms and kiss her.

take something in your hands:

I took the baby bird gently in my hands.

8)
a) [transitive] to study a particular subject at school or college

I took a course in computer programming.

Are you taking algebra this year?

b) to do an examination in a particular subject

I took my driving test three times before I passed.

She'll have to take the exam again.

9) [transitive] to remove something
take something away from someone/something:

Take the knife away from her!

These drugs should take the pain away.

take something out of something:

Will you take the plates out of the cupboard?

Government officials came to take soil samples from the factory site.

a) to steal something, or borrow it without the owner's permission

Who's taken my pencil?

The burglars didn't seem to have taken much.

b) maths to remove one number or quantity from another number or quantity
take something (away) from something:

What do you get if you take seven from twelve?

10) [transitive] to get a picture or a measurement using a machine

The scientists will take more readings from the lava flow.

They've taken several scans of her brain.

take someone's temperature:

A nurse took his temperature every hour.

take a picture/photograph/photo:

May I take a picture of the two of you?

11)
a) [transitive] to get control of something from an opponent

The town was finally taken after a six-week siege.

b) to get something from an opponent in a game or sports competition

Our new bowler took six wickets in his first match.

Her bishop took my queen (= in the game of chess).

12) [transitive] to get something from a book or collection of things
take something from something:

The picture on page 5 is taken from their brochure.

They played a selection of songs taken from Broadway musicals.

13) [transitive] to get money from selling something to people, either regularly or on a particular occasion

The shop takes about £1,000 a week.

14)
a) [transitive] to use a particular type of transport
take a bus/train/plane/taxi etc:

I usually take the bus to work.

b) to use a particular path or road

Take the A14 as far as Cambridge.

We took a trail through the forest.

15)
a) [transitive] if a piece of equipment takes something, it uses that thing in order to work

What size batteries does your torch take?

cars that take unleaded petrol

b) if a piece of equipment takes something, it is able to accept the size or weight of that thing without breaking

The tank takes about twenty gallons of water.

Careful – that shelf won't take all those books.

16)
a) [transitive] used in particular phrases meaning to eat or drink something, especially regularly
take milk/sugar/lemon:

Do you take milk in your coffee?

take food (= eat):

They are refusing to take food.

b) to put a drug or medicine into your body

Take two aspirins and go to bed.

No more than four pills should be taken in 24 hours.


Usage note:
You eat food and drink drinks, but you take liquid or solid medicine: She took a pill for her headache. You have to keep taking your antibiotics.
17) [transitive] used for talking about the size of clothes or shoes that someone wears

What size shoes do you take?

18) [transitive] to use a product regularly

Which newspaper do you take?

19) [transitive] to use something in a discussion

Let's take that last point first.

I never throw anything away. Take this car (= use it as an example) – it's very reliable.

take something as something:

I'll take his behaviour as an example of what I mean.

20)
a) [transitive] to think about someone or something in a particular way

He tries hard, but I just can't take him seriously.

take something as a compliment/an insult:

She took his remarks as a compliment.

take something as an omen/a sign:

They took the rainbow as a sign from their god.

take something as proof/evidence of something:

We can't take his silence as proof of his guilt.

b) to understand someone's words or actions in a particular way

He took her remark literally.

take someone to mean something:

I took you to mean that you'd be there early.

take something the wrong way (= be offended):

Don't take this the wrong way – I'm just trying to help.

21) [transitive] to do or to have something
take a seat (= sit down):

Please take a seat.

take power/office:

The new president will take office in January.

take cover (= hide):

They're shooting at us! Quick, take cover!

take a risk:

Can you take the risk that you might lose your money?

take (the) credit:

I did all the work, but Gill took all the credit.

take control/command:

The rebels are taking control of the city.

take responsibility:

We must encourage fathers to take full responsibility for their children.

22) [transitive] to have or to show a feeling or opinion
take offence:

I'm afraid she took offence at my remarks.

take (an) interest:

He's never taken much interest in his kids.

take a view/attitude:

I take the view that children should be told the truth.

See:
23) [intransitive] if a process takes, it is successful

The dye didn't take properly.

I don't think your cuttings will take in this soil.

24) [transitive] British to have responsibility for a group of students

Who takes the history class on Mondays?

take someone for something:

Mr Churchley will be taking you for English.

25) [transitive] literary if a man takes a woman, he has sex with her

it takes all sorts (to make a world)spoken used for saying that you find someone's behaviour surprising or strange but you will accept it

"I love rainy days!" "Well, it takes all sorts."

take it (that)spoken used for saying that you expect that the person who you are talking to knows something or will do something

I take it you've heard about Ben and Carol splitting up.

Phrasal verbs:
II UK [teɪk] / US noun [countable]
Word forms "take":
singular take plural takes
1) cinema a section of a film or television programme that is recorded without stopping
2) [usually singular] informal the amount of money that a business earns in a particular period of time

English dictionary. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую
Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Take — Take, v. t. [imp. {Took} (t[oo^]k); p. p. {Taken} (t[=a]k n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Taking}.] [Icel. taka; akin to Sw. taga, Dan. tage, Goth. t[=e]kan to touch; of uncertain origin.] 1. In an active sense; To lay hold of; to seize with the hands, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • take — [tāk] vt. took, taken, taking [ME taken < OE tacan < ON taka < ? IE base * dēg , to lay hold of] I to get possession of by force or skill; seize, grasp, catch, capture, win, etc. 1. to get by conquering; capture; seize 2. to trap, snare …   English World dictionary

  • take — ► VERB (past took; past part. taken) 1) lay hold of with one s hands; reach for and hold. 2) occupy (a place or position). 3) capture or gain possession of by force. 4) carry or bring with one; convey. 5) remove from a place. 6) …   English terms dictionary

  • take — [n] profit booty*, catch, catching, cut, gate, haul*, holding, part, proceeds, receipts, return, returns, revenue, share, takings, yield; concept 344 Ant. debt, loss take [v1] get; help oneself to abduct, accept, acquire, arrest, attain, capture …   New thesaurus

  • Take — Take, v. i. 1. To take hold; to fix upon anything; to have the natural or intended effect; to accomplish a purpose; as, he was inoculated, but the virus did not take. Shak. [1913 Webster] When flame taketh and openeth, it giveth a noise. Bacon.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • take — vb took, tak·en, tak·ing vt 1 a: to obtain control, custody, or possession of often by assertive or intentional means b: to seize or interfere with the use of (property) by governmental authority; specif: to acquire title to for public use by… …   Law dictionary

  • Take On Me — ist ein Lied und Nummer Eins Hit der norwegischen Popband a ha, welches von ihrem ersten Album Hunting High and Low aus dem Jahr 1985 stammt. Aufgenommen wurde der Titel bereits 1984, jedoch schaffte er es erst mit dem dritten Anlauf zum Nummer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Take on me — ist ein Lied und Nummer Eins Hit der norwegischen Popband a ha, welches von ihrem ersten Album Hunting High and Low aus dem Jahr 1985 stammt. Aufgenommen wurde der Titel bereits 1984, jedoch schaffte er es erst mit dem dritten Anlauf zum Nummer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Take on Me — «Take on Me» Sencillo de a ha del álbum Hunting High and Low Publicación 5 de abril de 1985; 16 de septiembre de 1985 Formato 7 , 12 Grabación 1984 1985 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Take — (engl. „nehmen, Aufnahme“) steht für: Take bzw. Einstellung (Film), eine ungeschnittene, zumeist kurze Filmaufnahme Take (Musik), die schrittweise Aufnahme von akustischen Signalen Take 2 Interactive, der Hersteller von Computer und Videospielen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Take 2 — Take Two Interactive Software Inc. Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft ISIN …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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